Friday, 19 May 2017

Common grammatical hitches a writer encounters

No matter how much you master the language of English; grammatical errors are assured to come in your way. We all spend long time learning grammar at school, but some areas of grammar remain problematic for even the most prolific of writers. Grammar is tricky and sometimes confusing, but when you become a professional writer you need to be careful and make sure that you use correct grammar all the times.  No matter how prepossessing your language is, wrong grammar can put off even the most indulgent of readers. So, the only solution is to use grammar well. There are quite a few issues that most writers stumble at while writing. Here is a list of such mistakes or confusing areas in grammar, to help you tame the perturbing grammar issues.

Who vs. Whom
One of most confusing pair of words in grammar is who and whom. Just remember that you use ‘who’ for a sentence’s subject and ‘whom’ for a sentence’s object. When you want to substitute it with ‘she’ or ‘he’ or any other noun, then that is the proper case for using ‘who’, and not ‘whom’. On the other hand, if you can use ‘him’ or ‘her’ instead of the word in question, then remember to us ‘whom’ and not ‘who’. 
The singer, for ‘who’ the audience went wild, was a young boy is wrong.
The singer, for ‘whom’ the audience went wild, was a young boy is the correct version.
The judge called out to the young boy, ‘whom’ appeared to be crying on stage is wrong. 
The judge called out to the young boy, ‘who’ appeared to be crying on stage is right. 

Fewer vs. Less
The word ‘fewer’ is to be used when you are talking about objects or things that you can count or things to which you can assign a particular number whereas as less is used to describe uncountable entities.
Examples of few
There are fewer sailboats in the bay this morning than yesterday. 
Fewer people are expected to attend the conference this year.
In both cases, you can assign numbers – that is, number of sailboats and number of people. 
Examples of less
I would like less milk in my tea.
A little less pride might have helped him to stay grounded.

Subject and Object Pronouns
The next grammar cumbersome we will deal with is the usage of ‘me’, ‘my’, and ‘I’. Many pronouns in the English language have varied forms and different roles in a sentence. While the word ‘I’ is the subject form of the pronoun and ‘me’ is the object form of it.
Examples: Subject form
My mother and me will go on a vacation together.
Here, ‘my mother and me’ together constitutes the subject. Now, look at the sentence, after removing ‘mother’ and only ‘me’ as the subject. Question yourself whether you can say ‘…me will go on a vacation…’? No; ‘me’ cannot be used as a subject. So, replace it with ‘I’ – a subject, such that the correct sentence reads:
My mother and I will go on a vacation together.

The taxi driver was very helpful to my mother and I when we got lost in Kolkata. 
Here, the taxi driver is the subject and ‘my mother and I’ can be taken together as the object. Now, ‘I’ is a subject pronoun. To make it clearer, say it aloud, by breaking it up: ‘The taxi driver was very helpful to ‘I’ when we got ….’ Now, this will seem wrong. So, the correct sentence will read:
The taxi driver was very helpful to my mother and me when we got lost in Kolkata.
Therefore the correct usage of ‘I’ is as a verb’s subject. The object form of the same is ‘me’, which is used as a verb’s object. 

That Vs Which
Using ‘that’ and ‘which’ interchangeably looks easy, but in most cases, you cannot and should not. Remember that ‘that’ is a restrictive clause while ‘which’ is a non-restrictive one. So, what is a restrictive clause? A restrictive clause is a part of a sentence which you cannot remove as it particularly restricts another part of the same sentence.
The automobile conglomerate, which has those famous engineers, is based out of Tennessee.
The automobile conglomerate that has those famous engineers is based out of Tennessee. 
The first sentence talks about a ‘particular’ automobile conglomerate. The audience knows which conglomerate is being discussed. So, even if you leave out ‘which has those famous engineers’, the meaning of the sentence still remains the same. The information about the famous engineers merely adds more information for the audience. The crux of the sentence lies in the understanding that particular automobile conglomerate is based out of Tennessee.  In the second sentence, the ‘that has those famous engineers’ is restricted to the ‘automobile conglomerate’. It suggests that the audience and the speaker were talking about multiple conglomerates, and the conglomerate with those famous engineers is based out of Tennessee. If you remove ‘that has those famous engineers’, then it is not known which conglomerate you are talking about.

The rule of thumb for easy usage is to consider the context of usage. If the information you are providing after the ‘that’ or ‘which’ is removed and that changes the meaning of the sentence, then remember, you can use only ‘that’. On the other hand, if removal of the part after ‘that’ or ‘which’ does not change the meaning of the sentence, you use ‘which’. You get the drift?

Tricks for Business Writing

In today’s competitive market, every successful marketing strategy needs fresh contents that make audience feel interested. Requireme...